Osteoarthritis of the Big Toe Joint (Hallux Rigidus)

Osteoarthritis of the big toe joint is also known as hallux rigidus and is a result of loss of cartilage at the big toe joint. The bunion deformity is a result of a deviation of the big toe joint which is a complex structure involving many bones, ligaments and tendons and is different from the lesser toe joints in that it has sesamoid bones as depicted below. Bunions are more common in women, and populations with genetics and shoe gear as contributing factors.


  • Pain and/or swelling around the big toe joint
  • Pain and/or swelling in the ball of the foot


If the deformity is painful and decreases the ability to perform desired activities, and makes shoe fitting difficult. Surgery may be performed to correct the deformity.

Podiatric Surgeons will perform a clinical examination, review X-rays and other diagnostic imaging, and assess your post-operative goals to guide your treatment.

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